Thus he was attacked severely by the major Muslim thinkers as early as the fourth century ), including al-Kindi, al-Khayyat, Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari, Abu 'Ali al-Jubba'i and al-Farabi.In most of his later works, Ibn ar-Rawandi advocated rejection of religious doctrines, which he considered unacceptable to reason.Following the heyday of the Mu'tazilite movement during the early Abbasid rule of al-Ma'mun, al-Mu'tasim and al-Wathiq (see Ash'ariyya and Mu'tazila), the movement felt the need to defend itself against attacks by various opponents; al-Jahiz was one of its defenders.In Fadihat al-mu'tazila, Ibn ar-Rawandi presents the views of all the major Mu'tazilite thinkers and tries to show that they suffered from inconsistencies.It reveals that Muslim thinkers continued to consider Ibn ar-Rawandi a heretic.I once wrote a review about dating Indonesian girls and where to meet them.Medieval biographical dictionaries agree that Ibn al-Husain Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Ishaq ar-Rawandi lived in Baghdad, but differ as to the form of his name and the date of his death, and indicate that he was intellectually unstable and that very little was known about his real thought.
Still others contended that the sense of rejection and loneliness he felt after having been isolated by the Mu'tazilites forced him to seek refuge in their opponents' circles.
1556) mentions that for four hundred dirhams Ibn ar-Rawandi wrote a book for the Jews, criticizing Islam.
After he received the money he wished to refute it, but agreed not to do so after receiving one hundred dirhams more.
Most of the one hundred and fourteen books he wrote have been lost. Fadihat al-mu'tazila (The Scandal of the Mu'tazilites) was preserved almost in its entirety and responded to by al-Khayyat (d.
868), in which the latter pointed out the vices of their opponents in addition to the virtues of the Mu'tazilites themselves.