John-Mark is mentioned elsewhere in the biblical material: a. He was added to Paul and Barnabas’ party when they visited Jerusalem for the famine relief (Acts ) d.He was a Jewish Christian whose mother, Mary, owned a home in Jerusalem where the early church met (Acts ) b. He went with Barnabas and Saul (Paul) on the first missionary journey, but turned back to Jerusalem when they went inland to Asia at Perga in Pamphylia (Acts 13:5,13) e.The Elder said this also: Mark, who became Peter’s interpreter, wrote accurately, though not in order, all that he remembered of the things said or done by the Lord.For he had neither heard the Lord nor been one of his followers, but afterwards, as I said, he had followed Peter, who used to compose his discourses with a view to the needs of his hearers, but not as though he were drawing up a connected account of the Lord’s sayings.) 2) Paul instructed Timothy to send Mark to Rome to be with him during his final imprisonment because he was useful to him for service (2 Tim. When 1 Peter was written, Mark was with Peter in Rome and regarded as Peter’s spiritual son (1 Peter ) 2. Evidence from the Gospel supports the affirmations of the church fathers: 1. Few OT quotations or references to fulfilled prophecy are used 7.It is unlikely that the early church would have assigned the authorship of a Gospel to a person of secondary, and even “questionable” history as John Mark since he was neither an apostle, nor a person of prominence in the early church 3. Aramaic expressions are translated (; ; ,34; ; ; ; ,34) 2. Latin terms are used rather than Greek equivalents (5:9; ; ,42; ,39) 4. He alone identifies Simon of Cyrene as the father of Alexander and Rufus (; cf. Mark is concerned for all of the nations and has a gentile, Roman centurion proclaim Jesus’ deity at the end of the Gospel (029; --; ; ; 14:9; ) 8.Barclay calls Mark the closest thing we have to a biography of Jesus’ life (p. Jesus is constantly presented as one who speaks and acts meaningfully in the context of crisis.
There is evidence in Mark that it was written for Gentiles (perhaps from Rome): a. Mark interprets Hebrew (Aramaic) words (; ,34; ) c. There is evidence that the writer was from Palestine: a. Mark assumes that his readers are familiar with the main characters, so he writes with more of a theological interest rather than a biological interest 10.He understood Jewish institutions and customs (; ,16,18; 7:2-4) 6. In view of Christian martyrdom, Christ is presented as the One who continues to speak and act meaningfully in the context of crisis B. The language is less elaborate and more popular than Luke or Matthew 2. Mark uses “immediately” intimating vividness and excitement to the action 4.There is evidence that the author was connected with Peter: a. Mark uses the historical present over 150 times making Jesus a contemporary of those reading (narrative tells what happens, not simply what happened) 5.Therefore, Mark need not be the first Gospel account 1. Irenaeus and the affirmed that Mark wrote after the death of Peter and Paul (see above) thus, placing the date of the epistle between A. From Mark onward Jesus and his disciples were “on the way” (; ) from Caesarea Philippi in the north through Galilee to Jerusalem in the south.Mark was considered to be an abstract of Matthew from Augustine until the early part of the nineteenth century (Guthrie, p. Even though the parallels of “Mark” in Matthew and Luke are striking, it is entirely possible that they are using a similar source which Mark used (Ur-Mark/pre-Marcan) 3. Early testimony of the church is divided about when Mark was written (e.g., before or after the martyrdom of Peter, A. The rest of the narrative (36%) is devoted to events of the Passion Week (11:1--16:8).