A robe or gown was now worn by important persons of both sexes.It consisted of a piece of fabric measuring 5 by 4 feet (1.5 by 1.2 metres) that was draped and held in place by pins and a waist belt, creating wide, elbow-length sleeves.Dress, also called apparel or attire, clothing and accessories for the human body. The style that a particular individual selects is often linked to that person’s sex, age, socioeconomic status, culture, geographic area, and historical era.This article considers the chronological development of fashionable dress and decoration—that is, the attire selected and adopted by the leading members of a society.This reflects the fact that in any group of people—whether constituting a small community or a great nation—it is usually those with wealth and power who influence, and even dictate, fashions to other members.The discussion does not concentrate solely on apparel but also covers, as appropriate, certain aspects of hairdressing, jewelry, and the use of cosmetics.Wool was more rarely employed, and sericulture, the raising of silkworms, had not yet extended as far west as Egypt.The technique of using mordants, any of several chemicals used to bind dyes to cloth, was slow to come to Egypt, so most garments were white.
Not treated here are specialized attire, including ecclesiastical dress; military dress; academic, trade, or professional dress; and the national or regional costumes of peasant or indigenous peoples.
In some depictions the collar is clearly the major, if not the only, item of apparel worn.footwear, belts, and straps.
During the 3,000 years of the ancient Egyptian culture, costume changed comparatively little and very slowly.
The chief linen, which has been found in graves from the Neolithic Period.
The growing of flax, from which linen is made, dates from very early times; the Egyptians believed that the gods were clothed in linen before they came to earth.