The whole people must take upon themselves the education of the whole people and be willing to bear the expenses of it.
There should not be a district of one mile square, without a school in it, not founded by a charitable individual, but maintained at the public expense of the people themselves.
Many of these supporters solicited advice and materials from Horace Mann, the first secretary of the first State Board of Education, created in Massachusetts in 1837.
Mann also published a newsletter, “The Common School Journal” which provided information about the public school system to anyone expressing an interest in learning more about the Massachusetts experiment.
There were some Southerners who supported a public school system.
to the GOP; and veteran Republicans later murmured, among themselves: “Don’t upset the Southerners. Powerful social traditions had developed from demographic, religious, economic, and educational impacts that persist to the present day.
Otherwise, they’ll throw tantrums and play hell with the country, like they did in the Civil War.” Long before the Confederacy of the 1860s, the Southeastern American states had developed a strong regional culture.
First and foremost, Southerners believed that education was a private matter and not a concern for the state.
They were quick to point out that in all traditional societies the most important training a child receives is in the home where he/she is inducted into the values of the society…This system helped to perpetuate the sharply defined social-class structure which existed in the South.