They include colonial restorations and reconstructions, such as those at Williamsburg; the homes of Washington (Mount Vernon), Jefferson (Monticello), and other noted Virginians; and many of the battlefields of the American Revolution and Civil War.Although it is increasingly an industrialized and urbanized state, much of Virginia’s land remains under forest cover as it descends from the mountains and valleys in the west to the beaches of the Atlantic shore. Population (2010) 8,001,024; (2017 est.) 8,470,020. Virginia comprises three physiographically defined mountain provinces.
At the time of European settlement of the Great Valley of Virginia in the early 18th century, large herds of native bison were prevalent along the banks of the Shenandoah River, but, as elsewhere, the bison populations were destroyed as settlers moved westward.In southeastern Virginia and the Eastern Shore, January temperatures average about 40 °F (4 °C); July temperatures average in the upper 70s F (about 26 °C).These temperatures allow growing seasons of up to eight months, three months longer than those in far western Virginia.The state’s highest point, Piedmont region of the eastern United States) consists of lower rolling hills, reaching from the Blue Ridge to the fall line, the place where rivers descend, often in rapids, from higher and geologically older regions onto the flatter coastal plains.To the east the Coastal Plain province—or Tidewater region—lies low between the fall line and the Atlantic coast.